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ISO 14001:2015 - Caratteristiche e differenze con la ISO 14001:2004

PREMESSA E OBIETTIVI

 

La ISO 14001:2015 pone un’attenzione particolare sui seguenti criteri:

  • integrare pienamente gli aspetti ambientali e di business, attuali e futuri, nella pianificazione strategica ambientale;
  • prendere in considerazione rischi e opportunità in relazione agli aspetti ambientali significativi, ai requisiti di legge applicabili e a quelli presi liberamente in considerazione, al fine di ponderarli in modo preciso in fase di definizione degli obiettivi ambientali;
  • rafforzare l’orientamento verso gli stakeholder;
  • misurare ogni prestazione in funzione di ogni obiettivo ambientale, sulla base di specifici indicatori
  • analizzare e considerare maggiormente influenze e riflessioni sul ciclo di vita per tutte le attività e processi (design del prodotto, processi in outsourcing, integrazione di filiera)
  • orientare la comunicazione esterna in modo più spinto nei confronti di misure e prestazioni ambientali
  • monitorare il risultato della prestazione di un sistema di gestione ambientale in base agli obblighi derivanti dalla propria politica ambientale, come avviene oggi, e in aggiunta anche in base agli obiettivi strategici stabiliti dall’organizzazione in questo contesto
  • considerare i requisiti di complessità con sufficiente flessibilità, in funzione delle esigenze, dei rischi e delle opportunità per PMI e in generale per le organizzazioni.

Nell’ambito del SGA il rischio è legato all’affrontare in maniera pianificata minacce e opportunità in maniera da prevenire o ridurre gli effetti generati da rischi ambientali/rischi per la sicurezza interni e da-verso l’esterno. Anche in questa nuova ISO c’è l’obbligo esplicito sull’applicazione del "Risk Based Thinking", la Piattaforma applica i principi, le metodologie della Linea Guida ISO 31000.


IL PROGETTO DI CONSULENZA

I dieci capitoli della ISO 14001:2015 E LE ATTIVITA’

L’adozione della "High Level Structure" (HLS) comune alle nuove norme ISO comporta che la norma è riorganizzata in 10 capitoli ed è concepita per facilitare l'integrazione con le altre ISO.

Scopo, Riferimenti Normativi, Termini e definizioni, Contesto dell’organizzazione

Nuovi requisiti relativi al "contesto" dell'organizzazione

Il contesto dell’organizzazione è posto come requisito preliminare per la definizione del campo di applicazione del sistema di gestione ambientale e per la pianificazione, rafforzando l’orientamento verso le parti interessate. L’Organizzazione, prima di identificare il proprio campo di applicazione e prima di pianificare, deve conoscere il contesto in cui opera. Per definire gli ambiti di applicazione del sistema di gestione ambientale (SGA), l’organizzazione deve tenere conto dei fattori interni ed esterni che possono influire sulle capacità di raggiungere i suoi obiettivi ambientali (flusso obiettivi). Tali fattori sono:

  • il contesto in cui l’organizzazione opera
  • i bisogni e le aspettative delle parti interessate.

La Piattaforma prevede la definizione del contesto interno per modulo/processo/flusso, verrà implementato il contesto esterno per aderire alla Compliance Obligation e per garantire la soddisfazione di clienti e Stakeholders. Verranno dettagliate le aspettative degli Stakeholders.

Leadership

Enfasi sul ruolo chiave del Top Management: assegnando specifici ruoli e responsabilità, dimostra il suo impegno nell’assicurare l’effettiva applicazione del sistema di gestione ambientale attraverso la gestione di una Home personalizzata. L’impegno del Top Management deve inoltre essere proattivo verso la protezione dell’ambiente, nei suoi molteplici aspetti, tra i quali:

  • prevenzione di impatti negativi
  • uso sostenibile delle risorse
  • mitigazione e adattamento ai cambiamenti climatici
  • protezione della biodiversità e degli ecosistemi.

La nuova norma non parla più di un Rappresentante della Direzione, ma coinvolge esplicitamente il Top Management (“Persona o gruppo di persone che dirigono e controllano una organizzazione al più alto livello”), che sono gestiti con la profilazione degli utenti e l’appartenenza a Gruppi con relativi privilegi.

Pianificazione

Nel pianificare il sistema di gestione ambientale, l’organizzazione deve prendere in considerazione rischi ed opportunità in relazione:

  • agli aspetti ambientali significativi
  • ai requisiti di legge applicabili
  • ai requisiti relativi ad altri fattori interni ed esterni
  • al fine di ponderarli in modo preciso in fase di definizione degli obiettivi ambientali.

Gli obiettivi del SGA si devono integrare con la pianificazione strategica dell’organizzazione da effettuare nel flusso obiettivi.

Esplicitato il concetto di rischio, la cui valutazione deve basarsi su tre fonti:

  • aspetti ambientali
  • prescrizioni legislative
  • contesto dell’organizzazione.

Supporto

Nuovo punto in cui sono convogliati i requisiti di supporto, ossia: risorse, competenze, consapevolezza, comunicazione ed informazione documentata. La consapevolezza è elevata a requisito. Informazione documentata:

  • è il vero elemento di novità (comune a tutte le norme aderenti alla HLS)
  • sostituisce i termini “procedure” e “registrazioni”
  • può essere redatta e conservata nella forma che l’organizzazione ritiene più adeguata in funzione delle proprie esigenze, rischi ed opportunità
  • non deve essere interpretata come il venire meno dell’obbligo - da parte delle organizzazioni - di sviluppare, mantenere e registrare quanto richiesto dal sistema.

Nella Piattaforma le registrazioni sono documentate temporalmente e in termini di compilatore identificato e registrato.

Attività operative

Introdotto il concetto di Life Cycle Perspective, un approccio che prevede l'attenzione alla tutela dell'ambiente in tutte le fasi produttive:

  • progettazione e sviluppo
  • individuazione delle materie prime
  • imballaggio e distribuzione
  • riuso e riciclo
  • smaltimento finale.

Life Cycle Perspective, nuovo flusso, pone maggiore enfasi sui requisiti ambientali richiesti nell’approvvigionamento dei beni e servizi e nel controllo dei processi affidati in outsourcing, si traduce in un’esplicita richiesta da parte della norma di:

  • controllare i processi in outsourcing
  • determinare i requisiti ambientali per il procurement
  • considerare i requisiti ambientali delle attività di sviluppo, consegna e trattamento di fine vita dei prodotti/servizi
  • considerare la necessità di fornire informazioni sugli impatti ambientali potenziali durante la consegna di prodotti, servizi e trattamento di fine vita del prodotto.

In KRC® si individuano e valutano gli aspetti e gli impatti ambientali, oltre il luogo fisico/geografico, ove materialmente si svolgono i processi e le attività aziendali; considera tutte le fasi, a monte e a valle della produzione, dei beni e dei servizi.

Valutazione delle prestazioni

Inseriti requisiti più specifici relativi alla valutazione delle prestazioni ambientali, inclusa la necessità di stabilire criteri e indicatori per analizzare e valutare le proprie prestazioni ambientali. Rafforzati alcuni elementi connessi al monitoraggio e alla comunicazione delle performance.

È richiesto più chiaramente all’organizzazione di determinare, attraverso un cruscotto di elaborazione indicatori:

  • quali aspetti debbano essere monitorati e misurati, in relazione a specifici fattori
  • gli indicatori con cui sarà misurata la performance ambientale
  • quando i risultati del monitoraggio e delle misurazioni dovranno essere analizzati e valutati.

Miglioramento

Concetto di “miglioramento continuo” associato anche alle performance ambientali, oltre che ai miglioramenti del sistema di gestione. È chiaramente esplicitato l’obiettivo del sistema della gestione ambientale, ovvero il miglioramento delle performance ambientali dell’organizzazione. La nuova edizione della norma rende tale obiettivo più concreto ed effettivo.

ISO 14001-EMAS Environmental Management System

OBJECTIVES

The UNI EN ISO 14001:2015 Standard, "Environmental management systems - Requirements and guidelines for use", constitutes the internationally recognized standard and establishes the requirements that an Environmental Management System (EMS) must have. KEISDATA supports companies in the design, implementation and improvement of EMS in order to achieve the following objectives:

  • identify the legal requirements, interpret them according to the company reality and implement them correctly and in a sustainable manner;
  • define and communicate the system of roles, responsibilities and delegations;
  • define and implement methodologies to identify significant environmental aspects, assessment and control of impacts (in normal, abnormal and emergency conditions);
  • to define and implement monitoring systems, control of all company activities with significant environmental impacts;
  • construct the model of periodic review of system performance oriented towards continuous improvement;
  • guarantee the traceability of decisions and activities for the prevention and reduction of pollution.

The construction of the EMS in accordance with ISO 14001, through the certification by a third party and accredited, allows recognition of the commitments made. Furthermore, national environmental legislation (eg Legislative Decree 152/06 and Legislative Decree 128/10, etc.) recognizes, in the case of maintenance of a certified Environmental Management System, tax concessions and authorization procedures that are favorable to organizations, such as guaranty reductions and extension of the terms of environmental authorizations.


METHODOLOGY

The approach

KEISDATA puts in the field:

  • a contextual impact analysis of the company situation and a system of access to constantly updated flows and regulatory frameworks;
  • a Risk Management methodology that makes it possible to assess the business risk deriving from environmental impacts and regulatory risk;
  • a Knowledge Management methodology for the engineering of standard requirements through computerized systems for the management of procedural flows, activities, documents, deadlines, etc.

The conditions for success

The success of an EMS is determined by the correct involvement and participation of all levels and all company functions, starting from top management up to individual workers.

The phases

The EMS is divided into the phases of planning, implementation, monitoring and re-examination of the system included in a cyclical process:

Planning:

  • establish an Environmental Policy that defines the commitments for the prevention of pollution and for continuous improvement;
  • identify the requirements of applicable laws and regulations;
  • identify all significant environmental aspects and evaluate their impacts;
  • set specific objectives and targets that are appropriate, achievable and congruent.

Implementation:

  • develop programs to achieve these goals and targets, defining priorities, times and responsibilities and assigning the necessary resources;
  • establish the most appropriate procedures, in terms of procedures and practices, to manage environmental programs;
  • sensitize, train and support the company structure to achieve the objectives and targets set.

Monitoring:

  • implement adequate monitoring, verification and inspection activities and ensure the traceability of controls (Audit Service);
  • ensure the detection of non-conformities, environmental incidents and near events, their immediate management, identification and implementation of appropriate corrective and preventive actions for the removal of the causes (Environment, Health and Safety Observatory Service);

System review: to periodically evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of the system.
An EMS is completed with the certification by a Third Party and Accredited.
KEISDATA supports the Company in managing relations with the Body and in particular in:

  • request for an offer and for completing the questionnaires;
  • evaluation of the offers and choice of the Body;
  • transmission of documents;
  • support during the verification phase: documental (phase I), certification (phase II) and maintenance.

OUTPUT

  • Environmental Policy
  • Manual, Procedures and Instructions of the EMS
  • Regulatory Frameworks, Regulatory Check list, Regulatory Impact Analysis
  • Plans and Management Programs (Objectives, Action Plan, etc.)
  • Organization charts, role sheets, mansions
  • Information, training and training plans
  • Monitoring Plans
  • Audit reports
  • Preliminary statements for the Management Review and Review Report

 

Risk Analysis Contaminated Sites

OBJECTIVES

Application of the Environmental Health Risk Assessment procedure Specific Site to the contaminated site for the determination of Risk Threshold Concentrations (CSR), in compliance with the requirements of Legislative Decree 152/06 and subsequent amendments. and to the main international standards.
The determination of risk levels for the health of the population and the environment has as its purpose not only the identification of remediation priorities, differentiated according to the types of pollution detected, but also indications for the use of the pending contaminated site of reclamation or securing.


METHODOLOGY

The approach

The KEISDATA methodology is based on the contextualization of the main methods, standards and international guidelines to the reality of the specific contaminated site and in compliance with legislative requirements, through a Knowledge approach applied to Risk Management.

The conditions for success

To achieve the described results are necessary:

  • a detailed analysis of the technical regulatory context in the environmental and health fields;
  • the definition of the Conceptual model of contamination on the basis of:
    • inspections, study of the matrices and environmental factors of the territory;
    • transport and diffusion models of specific contaminants;
  • the implementation of the risk calculation tool by the applicable algorithms.

The phases

Phase 1. Parameterization of the components of the risk analysis and elaboration of the Conceptual Model:

  • Definition of contaminants index:
    • exceeding the CSC or the natural background values;
    • levels of toxicity of contaminants;
    • degree of mobility and persistence in environmental matrices;
    • previous activities carried out on the site;
    • frequency of values ​​above the CSCs.
  • Evaluation of the source of contamination:
    • definition of the geometry of the source;
    • subdivision of the site into homogeneous areas;
    • identification of representative concentration values ​​at each source.
  • Definition of exposure routes:
    • superficial soil;
    • deep soil;
    • outdoor air;
    • indoor air;
    • underground water.
  • Definition of exposure modes:
    • ingestion of drinking water;
    • ingestion of soil;
    • dermal contact;
    • inhalation of vapors and particulates.
  • Identification of receptors or targets of contamination:
    • identification of human receptors on site and off site;
    • choice of conformity point;
    • acceptable level of risk for carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic substances.
  • Development of the Conceptual Model, defined on the basis of the parameters listed above.

Phase 2. Calculation and estimation of the Risk
Quantitative risk characterization and definition of reclamation levels (CSR), using the ASTM E2081-00 standard methodology (2004), which allows:

  • arrive at the results through calculation algorithms supported by valid scientific bases;
  • obtain reproducible results.

Phase 3. Validation procedure
Definition of the criteria and the sources used for the calculations, assurance of the full traceability of the input data in order to allow the validation of the results by the Control Authorities:

  • selection criteria for index contaminants;
  • conceptual model of the site in light of the results of characterization surveys with exposure routes and compliance points;
  • calculation procedures used;
  • sources used to determine the input parameters of the calculation algorithms
  • calculation of the risk with the main software available and comparison of the results.

OUTPUT

  • Conceptual Model of the site
  • Concentrations Risk Threshold (CSR) equal to the levels of reclamation

EXPERTISE

  • Seveso case: statistical analysis and definition of sampling techniques, study of diffusion mechanisms, transport and environmental fate of contaminants, development of correlation indicators for epidemiological studies.
  • Caffaro case: participation in the Scientific Technical Committee and the Institutional Working Groups, study and definition of the mechanisms of diffusion of contamination through the food chain, definition of the methodology of risk analysis for a site with national relevance.
  • Disused industrial sites: application of risk analysis in order to define the best reclamation strategies and site reconversion, participation in Services Conferences.

EIE, ESE and EIA

OBJECTIVES

Application of the environmental assessment procedure (Environmental Impact Assessment - EIA or Strategic Environmental Assessment - SEA) for works, projects, plans and programs with possible effects on the environment, in accordance with the Second Part of Legislative Decree 3 April 2006, n. 152 as amended by Legislative Decree no. January 16, 2008, n. 4 and Legislative Decree no. June 29, 2010, n. 128.
Request and management of the Integrated Environmental Authorization (IEA), for the purposes of the operation of new plants, the substantial modification and adaptation of the operation of existing plants, in accordance with the Legislative Decree 3 April 2006, n. 152 as amended by Legislative Decree no. June 29, 2010, n. 128 concerning integrated pollution prevention and control (IPPC). Coordination and integration between impact assessment procedures (EIA, SEA) and integrated pollution prevention and reduction (IPPC).


METHODOLOGY

The approach

KEISDATA supports the Company during the entire environmental assessment procedure (Environmental Impact Assessment - EIA or Strategic Environmental Assessment - SEA) and request, issue and management of the Integrated Environmental Authorization (IEA) for IPPC plants, strictly following the prescriptions of the legislation and the indications of institutions and control authorities.

The conditions for success

To achieve the described results are necessary:

  • a detailed study of the local environmental context, inspections, interviews;
  • the definition of forecast scenarios in relation to company strategies;
  • a proactive communication and discussion with institutions and control authorities.

The phases

Impact Assessment
Context analysis and procedure identification:

  • evaluation of the work, project, plan or program;
  • analysis of relationships with protected areas, sensitive areas or other works/projects
  • identification of the procedure and of the territorial character (national, regional);

Verification of subjection:

  • preparation of the preliminary environmental study report;
  • management of relations with the competent authority;
  • advice for the management of the fulfillment of the opinion / continuation of the procedure and transitional consultation phases with the competent Authority.

Impact assessment:

  • description and evaluation of the significant impacts on the environment, technical and alternative solutions taken into consideration
  • elaboration of the Environmental Impact Study (EIA) or the Environmental Report (SEA), according to the legislative criteria and agreed with the Authority
  • communication with the competent authority, presentation of the application and publication of the documentation

Management of prescriptions, obligations and monitoring:

  • management of integrations and in-depth analyzes requested
  • analysis of the requirements and obligations contained in the provision
  • definition of a strategy and a program of compliance and monitoring

Integrated Authorization
Preparation of the Authorization request:

  • IPPC complex identification and authorization status;
  • urban, territorial and environmental framework;
  • description of the activities of the IPPC complex;
  • water and energy resources;
  • emissions;
  • containment systems, abatement;
  • plants at risk of a major accident;
  • integrated assessment of pollution, energy consumption and integrated reduction measures

Support in the phase of application submission and online forms compilation
Management of relations with institutions and control authorities:

  • support during inspection by the control authorities;
  • participation in the Services Conferences;

Advice in the adaptation phase and for the compliance with the AIA prescriptions:

  • definition of check-list for the periodic evaluation of compliance with the requirements;
  • definition of the schedule of obligations and deadlines;

Support for periodic data communication:

  • annual E-PRTR communication;
  • annual communication of the data related to the emission controls;

Alignment with the Environmental Management System, if present:

  • updating of procedures and operating instructions;
  • analysis of regulatory, environmental and corporate risk.

OUTPUT

Impact Assessment

  • Preliminary environmental study report
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) or Environmental Report (ER)

Integrated Authorization

  • Request for Integrated Environmental Authorization
  • Monitoring plans
  • Annual communications
  • Documents of the Environmental Management System

Training

METHODOLOGY

The approach

The approach is dictated by the UNI ISO 10015:2001 training guidelines through the cyclical process of defining needs, planning and planning, delivering and evaluating results.
The methodology developed by KEISDATA is also based on a strong contextualization in the planning phase of the training activity, a participatory modality of involvement in working groups and training for trainers (train the trainer).

The conditions for success

To achieve the results described, it is necessary to:

  • establish a continuous interaction with the participants;
  • verify the effectiveness of the training and the degree of objectives achieved;
  • perform training follow-ups based on the results obtained.

The phases

Analysis of the state of the art and documentation:

  • site inspection, production and ecological plants;
  • interviews with Managers, environmental roles, workers;
  • regulatory compliance audit (on request-link with the audit service);
  • analysis Manual of the Management System, specific procedures.

Training planning:

  • analysis of training needs (knowledge of laws and environmental aspects, procedures and instructions of the Management System);
  • definition of homogeneous groups of workers (area, impacts and environmental responsibilities);
  • identification of specific training objectives (environmental issues);
  • definition of the course calendar;
  • definition of organization and logistics.

Preparation of educational material:

  • identification of specific teaching tools (presentations, brochures, tests, etc.);
  • validation of the material by the company managers;
  • delivery and distribution of the material.

Delivery of training:

  • didactic activity with the constant presence of a tutor on the following topics:
    • waste management;
    • saving of energy and resources;
    • waste water and on the ground;
    • use of chemicals;
    • operation of ecological systems;
    • methods for monitoring and monitoring environmental aspects;
    • environmental policy and operating methods of the Management System.
  • exercises for work groups:
    • identification of the environmental aspects of the company;
    • good environmental practices;
    • suggestions for improvement.
  • learning assessment test.

Results Analysis and Improvement Program:

  • analysis of the results of the exercises and of the learning test;
  • evaluation of the observations and comments of the workers;
  • drafting of a feedback report reserved for managers and management;
  • definition of the improvement program.

OUTPUT

  • Elaboration of company data and information
  • Regulatory compliance audit report (on request)
  • Educational material (presentations, brochures, tests, etc.)
  • Results of exercises
  • Training feedback report
  • Improvement program

Best Environmental Practice

OBJECTIVES

Preparation or updating of the Handbook of Best Environmental Practices for the steel industry (BEP - Best Environmental Practices), pursuant to the D.G.R. December 30, 2003, No. 7/15957 and according to the requirements of the D.G.R. 10 December 2004, No. 7/19797.


METHODOLOGY

The approach

KEISDATA supports the Company in preparing or updating the Manual that contains the actions, procedures and controls necessary to keep the plants in charge of limiting emissions into the atmosphere.

The conditions for success

To achieve the described results are necessary:

  • the analysis of the plant parameters with the plant manager;
  • optimization of the data measurement and recording system;
  • training and full awareness of the maintenance department.

The phases

The activity provides:

  • analysis and description of systems;
  • verification of the project requirements envisaged by the law;
  • identification and characterization of control parameters (direct and indirect);
  • evaluation and description of measuring instruments;
  • definition of control charts;
  • fault analysis and plant maintenance procedures;
  • definition of emergency procedures.

The manual thus built must then be implemented and kept constantly updated with respect to plant developments. KEISDATA also provides, to complete the service, the following activities:

  • carrying out an audit on the correct implementation of the BEP Manual, conducted by qualified personnel;
  • drafting of the Annual Report containing the analysis of plant data and performance, the Review and the Improvement Program.

OUTPUT

  • BEP manual updated
  • Emergency procedures
  • Audit report
  • Annual report

Environmental Studies for Technological Systems

OBJECTIVES

The study of the environmental context, in which a technological system is located, is aimed at issuing a specific authorization, certification or permission from the Authorities, to which the company must follow a constant control and supervision activity aimed at the maintenance over time of the privilege granted. The ability to prevent and minimize environmental impacts is an element of value for the plant itself. Communication and interaction with the local context is of fundamental importance for the correct management of the image. KEISDATA performs environmental studies:

  • to support the installation of new plants or changes to existing ones (permits, exceptions, plant certification, etc.);
  • to support the authorization of new plants or modifications of existing ones (environmental aspects authorizations, integrated authorizations, etc.);
  • to support due diligence activities to analyze plant value and conditions;
  • to support access to incentive and financing systems (white, green certificates, etc.);
  • to support communication with the various stakeholders.

METHODOLOGY

The approach

The methodological approach implemented by KEISDATA varies according to the specific subject.
In general the most used methodological approaches are:

  • risk assessments (eg ATEX, Relevant Accident);
  • impact assessments (eg VIA, VAS, IPCC);
  • consumption analysis (eg energy consumption);
  • risk analysis (eg contaminated sites);
  • life cycle study (eg LCA).

These studies are conducted in accordance with the binding legislation, technical standards, institutional guidelines, industry guidelines.


SERVICES AND SYSTEMS

The Services based on specific environmental studies that KEISDATA offers are:

  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) - Legislative Decree 152/06 and subsequent amendments (Legislative Decree 4/08 and 128/10)
  • Integrated Environmental Authorization (AIA) - Legislative Decree 152/06 and subsequent amendments (Legislative Decree 128/10)
  • Analysis of Environmental Health Risk Specific Site (AdR) - Legislative Decree 152/06 and subsequent amendments (Legislative Decree 4/08 and 128/10)
  • Classification and Evaluation of Explosive Atmospheres (ATEX) D.Lgs. 81/08 and smi and CEI 31-35
  • Evaluation Risk of Major Accident (RIR) - Legislative Decree 334/99 and subsequent amendments and UNI 10617
  • Evaluation of Occupational Health and Safety Risks (VR) - Legislative Decree 81/08 and subsequent amendments
  • Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) - ISO 14040/44
  • Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) - ISO 14025